Historical background of Scandinavian Design of 1930-1970

The term “Scandinavian Design” originates from a design show with the same name that occurred in the United States in the 1950. It show cased primarily furniture and interior designs that expressed a Scandinavian design movement that started in the 1930s in Danmark, Sweden, Finland, Iceland and Norway. This movement was based on some common design values and principles; simplicity, minimalism, functionality and sustainability and aimed at creating harmony with his/hers environment. The design philosophy emphasised clean lines and simple designs inspired by Nature using basic solid natural materials such as wood, stone, metals, natural fiber textiles and leather. The designs shall be sustainable and affordable to the broad public.

Some of the most famous furniture and interior designers of that time were:

Arne Jacobsen

Designer: Arne Jacobsen

Borge Mogensen

Hans J. Wegner

Verner Panton

A major designer of the late 60s was Verner Panton with these playful futuristic creations

Poul Henningsen

Maija Isola

Maija was a textile designer that created many classic patterns mainly for Marimekko

Josef Frank